Caution: Refer to Fastener Caution in the Preface section.
Rear Caster and Camber Adjustment
The rear caster and camber is not adjustable. If the rear caster and camber angle is not within specifications, inspect for suspension support misalignment or rear suspension damage. Replace any damaged suspension components as necessary.
Rear Camber Adjustment
The rear camber is not adjustable. If the rear camber angle is not within specifications, inspect for suspension support misalignment or rear suspension damage. Replace any damaged suspension components as necessary.
Rear Toe Adjustment
The rear toe is not adjustable. If the rear toe angle is not within specifications, inspect for suspension support misalignment or rear suspension damage. Replace any damaged suspension components as necessary.
Camber is the tilting of the wheels from the vertical when viewed from the front of the vehicle. When the wheels tilt outward at the top, the camber is positive (+). When the wheel tilts inward at the top, the camber is negative (-). The amount of tilt is measured in degrees from the vertical. Camber settings influence the directional control and the tire wear.
Too much positive camber will result in premature wear on the outside of the tire and cause excessive wear on the suspension parts.
Too much negative camber will result in premature wear on the inside of the tire and cause excessive wear on the suspension parts.
Unequal side-to-side camber of one degree or more will cause the vehicle to pull or lead to the side with the most positive camber.
Caster is the tilting of the uppermost point of the steering axis either forward or backward, when viewed from the side of the vehicle. A backward tilt is positive (+) and a forward tilt is negative (-). Caster influences directional control of the steering but does not affect the tire wear. Caster is affected by the vehicle height, therefore it is important to keep the body at its designed height. Overloading the vehicle or a weak or sagging rear spring will affect caster. When the rear of the vehicle is lower than its designated trim height, the front suspension moves to a more positive caster. If the rear of the vehicle is higher than its designated trim height, the front suspension moves to a less positive caster.
With too little positive caster, steering may be touchy at high speed and wheel returnability may be diminished when coming out of a turn.
If one wheel has more positive caster than the other, that wheel will pull toward the center of the vehicle. This condition will cause the vehicle to pull or lead to the side with the least amount of positive caster.
Toe is a measurement of how much the front and/or rear wheels are turned in or out from a straight-ahead position. When the wheels are turned in, toe is positive (+). When the wheels are turned out, toe is negative (-). The actual amount of toe is normally only a fraction of a degree. The purpose of toe is to ensure that the wheels roll parallel.
Toe also offsets the small deflections of the wheel support system that occur when the vehicle is rolling forward. In other words, with the vehicle standing still and the wheels set with toe-in, the wheels tend to roll parallel on the road when the vehicle is moving.
Improper toe adjustment will cause premature tire wear and cause steering instability.
Rear Side Door Outside Handle Rod Adjustment
Removal Procedure Remove the rear door water deflector as needed. Refer to Rear Side Door Water Deflector Replacement. Use a flat-head tool to open the clip from the threaded rod connecting the lock to the outside handle. Adjust the travel of the handle by removing the threaded rod ...
Air Conditioning Compressor Replacement (1.6L LDE, LXV, and 1.8L 2H0)
Preliminary Procedures Recover the refrigerant. Refer to Refrigerant Rec . overy and Recharging. Remove drive belt. Refer to Drive Belt Replacement. Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle. Disconnect the A/C compressor electrical connector Re ...
Power Steering Fluid Reservoir Replacement
Preliminary Procedure Remove as much power steering fluid from the remote power steering fluid reservoir as possible. Place drain pans under the vehicle as needed. Hose Clamp Procedure Compress the power steering fluid reservoir outlet and inlet hose clamp from the power ...